What is the history of Zagora Morocco?

Back to the sixteenth century, Zagora played an important role in Morocco's trade during the Saadyin reign, as trade caravans passed the Draa Valley when coming from the sub-Saharan regions. Besides, the strategic position of the valley has become a medium to collect legal fees generated by the trade.

Historical Importance:

Zagora has been historically significant as a trading hub and a stopping point for caravans traveling across the Sahara Desert. It was part of the trans-Saharan trade routes, connecting sub-Saharan Africa with the Mediterranean region.

Berber Influence:

The area is inhabited by Berber people, and their culture has played a significant role in shaping the history and traditions of Zagora. Berbers are indigenous North African ethnic groups with a deep cultural heritage.

Caravan Routes:

Zagora was a key point along the ancient caravan routes that traversed the Sahara Desert. It was a starting point for caravans heading south into the desert, often transporting goods such as salt, gold, and other commodities.

French Colonial Era:

During the colonial period, Morocco was a French and Spanish protectorate. The French influence can be seen in various aspects of Moroccan society and infrastructure. However, Zagora remained an important trading post even during this time.

Cultural Heritage:

The town has a rich cultural heritage with traditional architecture, including kasbahs (fortified houses), and it has been a backdrop for various films and documentaries that showcase the beauty of the Sahara Desert.

Draa Valley:

The Draa Valley, where Zagora is located, is known for its lush oasis and palm groves along the Draa River. This valley has been an essential agricultural area, providing sustenance for the local population.


In recent years, Zagora has become a popular tourist destination. Travelers are attracted to the town's historical sites, the Sahara Desert experience, and the scenic landscapes of the Draa Valley.

While Zagora may not be as well-known as some other Moroccan cities, its history is deeply rooted in the cultural and economic exchanges that took place along the trans-Saharan trade routes. Today, it continues to be a place of cultural significance and a gateway for exploring the beauty of the Sahara Desert.